# Find the Square Root in Python

Finding the square root of a number is a common mathematical operation. In this blog, we will explore how to find the square root in Python using various methods. Understanding these methods will help you perform this calculation efficiently in your Python programs. A square root is the number that gives the original number when multiplied by itself. The square root of four is two because two x two equals four. For example, the square root of 4 is 2 because 2*2=4.

## Here Are Some Different Methods to Find the Square Root in Python

### Python Program to calculate the square root using Exponent

```# Python Program to calculate the square root using Exponent

# we are taking a number from user as input
# entered value will be converted to int from string
num = int(input("enter a number: "))

# we are using  exponent (**) sign
sqrt = num ** 0.5
print("square root:", sqrt)
```

Explanation of the Code:

• This Python program calculates the square root of a user-input number using the exponentiation operator (**).
• It starts by prompting the user to enter a number. The input, initially a string, is converted to an integer using the `int()` function.
• The program then calculates the square root by raising the number to the power of 0.5, which is mathematically equivalent to finding the square root.
• This calculation is stored in the variable `sqrt`.
• Finally, the program prints the square root value using the `print()` function.
• This method leverages Pythonâ€™s powerful exponentiation operator to perform mathematical operations efficiently and concisely.

Learn how to Find the Square Root in JavaScript, Here!

#### Output

``````enter a number: 16
square root: 4.0
``````

### Python Program to calculate the square root using math.sqrt() Method

```# Python Program to calculate the square root using math.sqrt() Method

# importing math module here
import math

# take input number from user & convert into integer
num = int(input("enter a number:"))

sqrt = math.sqrt(num)
print("square root:" , sqrt)
```

Explanation of the Code

• This Python program calculates the square root of a user-provided number using the `math.sqrt()` method.
• It begins by importing the `math` module, which contains various mathematical functions.
• The program then prompts the user to input a number, which is converted from a string to an integer using the `int()` function.
• This integer is stored in the variable `num`. The `math.sqrt()` function is called with `num` as its argument to compute the square root, and the result is stored in the variable `sqrt`.
• Finally, the program prints the calculated square root with a descriptive message. This approach leverages the built-in capabilities of the `math` module for efficient and accurate computation of square roots.

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#### Output

``````enter a number: 16
square root: 4.0
``````

### Python Program to calculate the square root using math.pow() Method

```# Python Program to calculate the square root using math.pow() Method

# importing math module here
import math

# take input number from user & convert into integer
num = int(input("enter a number:"))

#using a predefined method pow()
sqrt = math.pow(number, 0.5)
print("square root:" , sqrt)
```

Explanation of the Code:

• This Python program calculates the square root of a number using the `math.pow()` method from the `math` module.
• First, it imports the `math` module to access mathematical functions.
• It then prompts the user to input a number and converts the input from a string to an integer using `int()`.
• The program calculates the square root by raising the number to the power of 0.5 using `math.pow(number, 0.5)`.
• Finally, it prints the calculated square root. Note that the variable name should be consistent; replace `number` with `num` in the `math.pow()` function to avoid errors. The corrected line is `sqrt = math.pow(num, 0.5)`.

Check out Find the Square Root of a Complex Number in Python, here!

#### Output

``````enter a number: 16
square root: 4.0
``````

In conclusion, learning how to find the square root in Python is a fundamental skill for any programmer dealing with mathematical computations. By mastering various methods, you can choose the best approach for your specific needs. For more tutorials and resources on programming, visit Newtum and continue your coding journey with us!