# Generating Random Numbers in Java: Master Tips and Tricks to Incorporate Today

(Last Updated On: 11/10/2023)

Generating random numbers is a common task in programming. In Java, there are several ways to generate random numbers. In this blog, we will discover a few of the methods of generating random numbers in Java.

## What is generating random numbers in Java?

Random numbers are a sequence of numbers that appear to be chosen at random. In Java, we use the Math.random() method to generate random numbers. Additionally, the Math.random() method returns a double value between 0.0 and 1.0.

## 4 ways to generate random numbers

Java provides three ways to generate random numbers using some built-in methods and classes as listed below:

• Using Random class
• Using Math.random method
• Using Secure Random
• Using the ints() method in Java

Understand the Concept of Armstrong Number in Java, Here!

### Generate number Using Random class in Java

Certainly! Here’s an example of generating a random number in Java using the Random class:

```import java.util.Random;

public class RandomExample {
public static void main(String[] args) {
Random random = new Random();
int randomNumber = random.nextInt(10);
System.out.println("Random number between 0 and 9: " + randomNumber);
}
}

```

Explanation of the code:

We import the Random class from the java.util package at the top of the file.

In the main() method, we create an instance of the Random class using the new keyword.

We then use the nextInt(int bound) method of the Random class to generate a random integer between 0 (inclusive) and the specified bound (exclusive). In this particular case, we set the bound to 10, thereby generating a random integer between 0 and 9.

Finally, we print out the generated random number using System.out.println().

#### Output:

``Random number between 0 and 9: 4``

Note that each time you run the program, you’ll get a different random number between 0 and 9. This is because the Random class generates truly random numbers based on a seed value. If you want to generate the same sequence of random numbers each time you run the program, you can specify a seed value using the Random(long seed) constructor.

Learn How to Generate Random Numbers in Javascript, Now!

### Generate number Using Math.Random in Java

Here’s an example of how to generate random numbers using the Math.random() method in Java:

```import java.util.Random;

public class RandomExample {
public static void main(String[] args) {
Random random = new Random();
double randomNum = Math.random();
System.out.println("Random number: " + randomNum);
}
}
```

Explanation of the code:

The Math.random() method generates a random double value between 0.0 and 1.0 (inclusive of 0.0 but exclusive of 1.0). In this example, we call the Math.random() method and store the result in the randomNum variable.

The System.out.println() statement prints the value of the randomNum variable along with a message “Random number: ” to the console.

#### Output:

The output of the above code will look something like this:

``Random number: 0.4835796389374031``

The exact value of the random number generated may be different each time you run the program, as it is based on the current time.

### Generate number Using Thread LocalRandom in Java

Here is an example code that generates a random number using ThreadLocalRandom in Java:

```import java.util.concurrent.ThreadLocalRandom;

public class RandomNumberGenerator {
public static void main(String[] args) {
System.out.println("Random number: " + randomNumber);
}
}```

Explanation of the code:

We import the ThreadLocalRandom class from the java.util.concurrent package. This class provides a thread-safe way of generating random numbers.

We create a main method where we generate a random number using ThreadLocalRandom.

Moreover, we utilize the nextInt() method of the ThreadLocalRandom class to generate a random integer between 1 (inclusive) and 101 (exclusive). The range is specified as (1, 101), with 1 representing the minimum value (inclusive) and 101 as the maximum value (exclusive).

Finally, we print the generated random number to the console using the System.out.println() method.

#### Output:

The output of the above code will be a random integer between 1 and 100. For example, it could be:

``Random number: 47``

Please note that the exact output will vary each time you execute the code due to the random nature of the generated number.

### Generate number Using SecureRandom in Java

SecureRandom is a subclass of the java.util.Random class, which provides a cryptographically strong random number generation. It is suitable for generating random numbers for security-related applications, such as generating session keys or encryption keys. Here is an example code that generates a random number using SecureRandom in Java:

```import java.security.SecureRandom;

public class SecureRandomNumberGenerator {
public static void main(String[] args) {
SecureRandom random = new SecureRandom();
int randomNumber = random.nextInt(101);
System.out.println("Random number: " + randomNumber);
}
}```

Explanation of the code:

We import the SecureRandom class from the java.security package.

In the main method, we instantiate an instance of SecureRandom.

We use the nextInt() method of the SecureRandom class to generate a random integer between 0 (inclusive) and 101 (exclusive).

Finally, we print the generated random number to the console using the System.out.println() method.

#### Output:

The output of the above code will be a random integer between 0 and 100. For example, it could be:

``Random number: 73``

Note that the exact output will vary each time the code is executed due to the random nature of the generated number. Also, since SecureRandom generates cryptographically strong random numbers, it may be slower than other random number generators such as ThreadLocalRandom or Math.random().

Learn How to Generate Random Numbers in Python, Now!

### Generate number Using the ints() method in Java

The ints() method is a part of the java.util.Random class in Java, which is used to generate a stream of pseudorandom integer values. This method returns an infinite stream of pseudorandom integer values.

Here’s an example code snippet that demonstrates the use of ints() method in Java:

```import java.util.Random;

public class RandomNumberGenerator {
public static void main(String[] args) {
Random random = new Random();
random.ints().limit(5).forEach(System.out::println);
}
}
```

Explanation of the code:

At the beginning of the code, we import the Random class.

In the main() method, we create an instance of the Random class using the new keyword.

Furthermore, We call the ints() method on the Random object, which returns an infinite stream of random integer values.

The limit() method is called on the stream to limit the number of random integers generated to 5.

Finally, we use the forEach() method to print each randomly generated integer value from the ints() method on a new line.

#### Output:

``````-594808599
1811409021
-1202610858
-1733921280
-1412454805``````

In this example, the ints() method generates an infinite stream of random integer values, but the limit(5) method limits the output to only the first 5 integers. We use the forEach() method to print each of these 5 random integers on a new line.

Note that since the ints() method generates an infinite stream of integers, the program will continue to run indefinitely if the limit() method is not called to limit the number of integers generated.

## Tips and tricks to generate random numbers

Here are 10 tips and tricks to generate random numbers in Java programming that can help increase efficiency and reduce errors:

1. Use a seed value: When using the Random class, you have the option to set a seed value, which ensures that the sequence of generated random numbers remains the same every time the program is executed. This can be useful for testing and debugging purposes.
3. Avoid using Math.random(): While Math.random() is a simple way to generate random numbers, it has some limitations and can lead to biased results. It is better to use the Random class or other third-party libraries for more accurate and reliable results.
4. Moreover, to generate a random number within a specific range, you can use the following formula: int randomNum = min + (int)(Math.random() * ((max – min) + 1));
5. Where min is the minimum value and max is the maximum value of the range.
6. Use SecureRandom for security-sensitive applications: If you are working on a security-sensitive application, use the SecureRandom class instead of the Random class to ensure that the random numbers generated are cryptographically secure.
7. Furthermore, if you are using the Random class in a multithreaded application, it is crucial to use a separate Random object for each thread. This practice helps prevent contention and ensures thread safety.
8. Use the RandomStringUtils class for generating random strings: If you need to generate random strings, use the RandomStringUtils class from the Apache Commons Lang library instead of manually generating random strings.
9. Test your random number generator: Always test your random number generator to ensure that it is generating truly random numbers and that it is working as expected.

By following these tips and tricks, you can generate random numbers in Java more efficiently and with fewer errors.

Java programs use built-in methods and classes to generate random numbers, such as Random class, Math.Random, Thread LocalRandom, SecureRandom, and ints().

Additionally, we have compiled 10 tips and tricks to help you master the art of generating random numbers in Java. Java developers can use these tips and tricks to incorporate random number generation into their programs more effectively and efficiently.

In conclusion, mastering the art of generating random numbers is an essential skill for any Java programmer. We hope our blog post on “Generate Random Number in Java ” has been helpful to you. To continue enhancing your coding skills, check out Newtum’s website and explore our online coding courses covering Java, HTML, PHP, and more.